Hormone Replacement Therapy is a medication that replaces the hormones estrogen and progesterone, which regulate the female reproductive system. As women approach and enter menopause, these hormones naturally decrease, and women start having irregular periods (periods). HRT balances these hormones and relieves menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and osteoporosis. It’s also been shown to reduce a woman’s risk of heart disease and other health problems.
There are many ways to take hormones, including oral pills, patches, creams, and vaginal pellets. Your doctor will determine the type of hormones and dose that is right for you. Hormones affect your body in countless ways, such as anxiety, appetite, mood, brain function, sleep cycles, and genital urinary symptoms. When the levels are too low, it can cause symptoms such as a lack of energy or difficulty with sex or sleep. When they are too high, it can increase a woman’s risk for certain health conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease.
Balancing Act: Exploring the Benefits of Hormone Replacement Therapy
Depending on your age, your family history of certain diseases, your current medications, and your medical history, you may be at higher risk for certain conditions, such as blood clots, stroke, liver disease, or bone loss, from taking hormones. This is why it’s important to discuss your options with your healthcare provider.